Utility of Virtual Bronchoscopy in Tracheal Tumors
Supraja Laguduva Mohan, Ekta Dhamija, Rakesh Garg
Curr Probl Diagn Radiol . 2023 Nov-Dec;52(6):464-468. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2023.05.003. Epub 2023 May 11.
Tracheal tumors are rare neoplasms, most of which are malignant. Conventional bronchoscopy (CB) and biopsy are used in the primary evaluation of these tumors, while Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) is usually used for assessing extraluminal extension and nodal spread. Virtual bronchoscopy, created by postprocessing the three-dimensional volume data acquired from CECT, attempts to recreate the endoluminal features as seen in CB. The complexity of tracheal surgery necessitates accurate preoperative localization of the lesion and planning. It can assist in evaluation of patients in whom CB cannot be performed and for airway assessment in a preoperative setting. Although it cannot replace CB, it can be resorted to, in specific clinical scenarios. In this pictorial essay, we aim to highlight the technique, role, and clinical utility of Virtual Bronchoscopy (VB) in tracheal tumors.