Exploring the Clinical Translation of Generative Models Like ChatGPT: Promise and Pitfalls in Radiology, From Patients to Population Health
Florence X Doo, Tessa S Cook, Eliot L Siegel, Anupam Joshi, Vishwa Parekh, Ameena Elahi, Paul H Yi
J Am Coll Radiol . 2023 Sep;20(9):877-885. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2023.07.007. Epub 2023 Jul 17.
Generative artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as GPT-4, and the chatbot interface ChatGPT, show promise for a variety of applications in radiology and health care. However, like other AI tools, ChatGPT has limitations and potential pitfalls that must be considered before adopting it for teaching, clinical practice, and beyond. We summarize five major emerging use cases for ChatGPT and generative AI in radiology across the levels of increasing data complexity, along with pitfalls associated with each. As the use of AI in health care continues to grow, it is crucial for radiologists (and all physicians) to stay informed and ensure the safe translation of these new technologies.