Prognostic utility of preoperative and postoperative KRAS-mutated circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Ali Alqahtani, Abdurahman Alloghbi, Philip Coffin, Chao Yin, Reetu Mukherji, Benjamin A Weinberg
Surg Oncol . 2023 Oct 10:51:102007. doi: 10.1016/j.suronc.2023.102007. Online ahead of print.
Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a challenging disease, with surgery being the only possible cure. However, despite surgery, the majority of patients experience recurrence. Recent evidence suggests that perioperative KRAS-mutated circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) may have prognostic value. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the prognostic significance of preoperative and postoperative KRAS-mutated ctDNA testing in resected PDAC.
Methods: We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for studies that reported the effect of preoperative and postoperative KRAS-mutated ctDNA on overall survival (OS) and/or relapse-free survival (RFS) in resected PDAC. We used a random-effects model to determine the pooled OS and RFS hazard ratios (HR) and their corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CI).
Results: We identified 15 studies (868 patients) eligible for analysis. In the preoperative setting, positive ctDNA correlated with worse RFS in 8 studies (HR, 2.067; 95 % CI, 1.346-3.174, P < 0.001) and worse OS in 10 studies (HR, 2.170; 95 % CI, 1.451-3.245, P < 0.001) compared to negative ctDNA. In the postoperative setting, positive ctDNA correlated with worse RFS across 9 studies (HR, 3.32; 95 % CI, 2.19-5.03, P < 0.001) and worse OS in 6 studies (HR, 6.62; 95 % CI, 2.18-20.16, P < 0.001) compared to negative ctDNA.
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis supports the utility of preoperative and postoperative KRAS-mutated ctDNA testing as a prognostic marker for resected PDAC. Further controlled studies are warranted to confirm these results and to investigate the potential therapeutic implications of positive KRAS-mutated ctDNA.