Intestinal and Multivisceral Transplantation: Complications
Anil K Dasyam, Amir A Borhani, Nikhil V Tirukkovalur, Ruy J Cruz Jr
Radiol Clin North Am . 2023 Sep;61(5):871-887. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2023.04.008. Epub 2023 May 22.
Advancements in immunosuppression protocols, surgical techniques, and postoperative care in the last few decades have improved outcomes of intestinal transplant patients. Normal immediate postoperative imaging appearance can simulate pathology. Intestinal transplant recipients are prone for several postoperative complications due to the complex surgical technique, which involves multiple anastomoses, and immunogenic nature of the allograft intestine. Imaging plays a crucial role in detection of several major complications including infectious, immunologic, vascular, gastrointestinal, pancreaticobiliary, genitourinary, and neoplastic complications. The awareness of the posttransplant anatomy and normal imaging appearances helps radiologists anticipate and accurately detect posttransplant complications.