Intestinal and Multivisceral Transplantation: Indications and Surgical Techniques
Rosa Alba Pugliesi, Anil K Dasyam, Amir A Borhani
Radiol Clin North Am . 2023 Sep;61(5):861-870. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2023.04.007. Epub 2023 May 16.
Intestinal transplantation and multivisceral transplantation are technically challenging and complex procedures mainly performed on patients with irreversible and non-medically manageable end-stage intestinal failure. Increasingly, other organs besides small intestines are included in the allograft for which the terms "composite intestinal transplantation" and "multivisceral transplantation" are used. Commonly, complex vascular reconstructions are used for these procedures. Knowledge of surgical anatomy hence is essential for accurate interpretation of postoperative imaging in these patients. This article reviews the indications and most common surgical techniques for intestinal and multivisceral transplantations.