Radiological Features of Gastrointestinal Lymphoma
Giuseppe Lo Re, Vernuccio Federica, Federico Midiri, Dario Picone, Giuseppe La Tona, Massimo Galia, Antonio Lo Casto, Roberto Lagalla, Massimo Midiri
Gastroenterol Res Pract . 2016;2016:2498143. doi: 10.1155/2016/2498143. Epub 2015 Dec 24.
Gastrointestinal lymphomas represent 5-20% of extranodal lymphomas and mainly occur in the stomach and small intestine. Clinical findings are not specific, thus often determining a delay in the diagnosis. Imaging features at conventional and cross-sectional imaging must be known by the radiologist since he/she plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and disease assessment, thus assisting in the choice of the optimal treatment to patients. This review focuses on the wide variety of imaging presentation of esophageal, gastric, and small and large bowel lymphoma presenting their main imaging appearances at conventional and cross-sectional imaging, mainly focusing on computed tomography and magnetic resonance, helping in the choice of the best imaging technique for the disease characterization and assessment and the recognition of potential complications.