A review study on early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma using artificial intelligence assisted diagnostic methods
P C Sijithra, N Santhi, N Ramasamy
Eur J Radiol . 2023 Sep;166:110972. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2023.110972. Epub 2023 Jul 11.
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive, chemo-refractory and recalcitrant cancer and increases the number of deaths. With just around 1 in 4 individuals having respectable tumours, PDAC is frequently discovered when it is in an advanced stage. Accordingly, ED of PDAC improves patient survival. Subsequently, this paper reviews the early detection of PDAC, initially, the work presented an overview of PDAC. Subsequently, it reviews the molecular biology of pancreatic cancer and the development of molecular biomarkers are represented. This article illustrates the importance of identifying PDCA, the Immune Microenvironment of Pancreatic Cancer. Consequently, in this review, traditional and non-traditional imaging techniques are elucidated, traditional and non-traditional methods like endoscopic ultrasound, Multidetector CT, CT texture analysis, PET-CT, magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, secondary signs of pancreatic cancer, and molecular imaging. The use of artificial intelligence in pancreatic cancer, novel MRI techniques, and the future directions of AI for PDAC detection and prognosis is then described. Additionally, the research problem definition and motivation, current trends and developments, state of art of survey, and objective of the research are demonstrated in the review. Consequently, this review concluded that Artificial Intelligence Assisted Diagnostic Methods with MRI images can be proposed in future to improve the specificity and the sensitivity of the work, and to classify malignant PDAC with greater accuracy.