Dong Ho Lee, Hong Il Ha, Jin-Young Jang, Jung Woo Lee, Jin-Young Choi, Seungmin Bang, Chang Hee Lee, Wan Bae Kim, Seung Soo Lee, Song Cheol Kim, Bo-Kyeong Kang, Jeong Min Lee
Eur Radiol . 2023 Mar 29. doi: 10.1007/s00330-023-09584-2. Online ahead of print.
Objective: This prospective multicenter study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 80-kVp thin-section pancreatic CT in determining pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) resectability according to the recent National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled surgical resection candidates for PDAC from six tertiary referral hospitals (study identifier: NCT03895177). All participants underwent pancreatic CT using 80 kVp tube voltage with 1-mm reconstruction interval. The local resectability was prospectively evaluated using NCCN guidelines at each center and classified into three categories: resectable, borderline resectable, and unresectable.
Results: A total of 138 patients were enrolled; among them, 60 patients underwent neoadjuvant therapy. R0 resection was achieved in 103 patients (74.6%). The R0 resection rates were 88.7% (47/53), 52.4% (11/21), and 0.0% (0/4) for resectable, borderline resectable, and unresectable disease, respectively, in 78 patients who underwent upfront surgery. Meanwhile, the rates were 90.9% (20/22), 76.7% (23/30), and 25.0% (2/8) for resectable, borderline resectable, and unresectable PDAC, respectively, in patients who received neoadjuvant therapy. The area under curve of high-resolution CT in predicting R0 resection was 0.784, with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 87.4% (90/103), 48.6% (17/35), and 77.5% (107/138), respectively. Tumor response was significantly associated with the R0 resection after neoadjuvant therapy (odds ratio [OR] = 38.99, p = 0.016).
Conclusion: An 80-kVp thin-section pancreatic CT has excellent diagnostic performance in assessing PDAC resectability, enabling R0 resection rates of 88.7% and 90.9% for patients with resectable PDAC who underwent upfront surgery and patients with resectable PDAC after neoadjuvant therapy, respectively.