Dawei Chang, Po-Ting Chen, Pochuan Wang, Tinghui Wu, Andre Yanchen Yeh, Po-Chang Lee, Yi-Hui Sung, Kao-Lang Liu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Dong Yang, Holger Roth, Wei-Chih Liao, Weichung Wang
BMC Cancer . 2023 Jan 17;23(1):58. doi: 10.1186/s12885-023-10536-8.
Background: CT is the major detection tool for pancreatic cancer (PC). However, approximately 40% of PCs < 2 cm are missed on CT, underscoring a pressing need for tools to supplement radiologist interpretation.
Methods: Contrast-enhanced CT studies of 546 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma diagnosed by histology/cytology between January 2005 and December 2019 and 733 CT studies of controls with normal pancreas obtained between the same period in a tertiary referral center were retrospectively collected for developing an automatic end-to-end computer-aided detection (CAD) tool for PC using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) radiomic analysis with machine learning. The CAD tool was tested in a nationwide dataset comprising 1,477 CT studies (671 PCs, 806 controls) obtained from institutions throughout Taiwan.
Results: The CAD tool achieved 0.918 (95% CI, 0.895-0.938) sensitivity and 0.822 (95% CI, 0.794-0.848) specificity in differentiating between studies with and without PC (area under curve 0.947, 95% CI, 0.936-0.958), with 0.707 (95% CI, 0.602-0.797) sensitivity for tumors < 2 cm. The positive and negative likelihood ratios of PC were 5.17 (95% CI, 4.45-6.01) and 0.10 (95% CI, 0.08-0.13), respectively. Where high specificity is needed, using 2D and 3D analyses in series yielded 0.952 (95% CI, 0.934-0.965) specificity with a sensitivity of 0.742 (95% CI, 0.707-0.775), whereas using 2D and 3D analyses in parallel to maximize sensitivity yielded 0.915 (95% CI, 0.891-0.935) sensitivity at a specificity of 0.791 (95% CI, 0.762-0.819).
Conclusions: The high accuracy and robustness of the CAD tool supported its potential for enhancing the detection of PC.