Can solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas without degeneration be diagnosed with imaging? a comparison study of the solid component of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm, neuroendocrine neoplasm, and ductal adenocarcinoma
Fumihito Toshima, Dai Inoue, Kazuto Kozaka, Takahiro Komori, Atsushi Takamatsu, Ayako Katagiri, Toshifumi Gabata
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2023 Mar;48(3):936-951. doi: 10.1007/s00261-023-03814-3. Epub 2023 Jan 28.
Purpose: To investigate the MR findings of the solid components within pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) to characterize solid SPN without degeneration.
Methods: After case matching, 23 patients with SPNs, 23 with pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs), and 46 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) were included in this retrospective comparative study. The MR findings of the solid components within the pancreatic tumors were assessed qualitatively and semi-quantitatively.
Results: In the qualitative assessment, significant differences were noted in T2-weighted imaging and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). SPNs with a score of 4-5 (iso- to hyper-intense compared with the renal cortex) were observed in 18/19 (94.7%) by reader 1 and 15/19 (78.9%) by reader 2 (score 5, 52.6% and 47.4%) on fast spin-echo (FSE) T2-weighted imaging. On MRCP, the two readers identified 12 (63.2%) and 8 (42.1%) SPNs, respectively. The semi-quantitative signal-intensity ratio (SIR, signal intensity of tumor/signal intensity of the pancreatic parenchyma) of SPNs on FSE T2-weighted imaging was significantly higher (mean, 1.99-2.01) than that of PNENs (1.30-1.31) or PDACs (1.26-1.28). The sensitivity/specificity of 'hyper' on T2-weighted imaging (qualitative score of 4-5, or SIR of ≥ 1.5) were 78.9-100.0%/63.8-79.7%. The sensitivity/specificity of 'remarkably hyper' (score of 5, SIR of ≥ 2.0, or visible on MRCP) or salt-and-pepper pattern were 36.8-68.4%/85.5-98.6%.
Conclusion: T2-weighted imaging may be the key sequence for solid SPN. Solid tumors with hyper-intensity on T2-weighted imaging (especially, more hyper-intense than the renal cortex, more than twice the signal of the pancreatic parenchyma, depicted on MRCP, or salt-and-pepper appearance) may be suspected to be SPNs.