Robert Siepmann, Philipp Bruners, Sven Arke Lang, Jan Bednarsch, Iakovos Amygdalos, Katharina Joechle, Federico Pedersoli, Sebastian Keil, Peter Isfort, Tom Florian Ulmer, Christiane Kuhl, Ulf Peter Neumann, Franziska Alexandra Meister, Zoltan Czigany
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2023 Feb;48(2):608-620. doi: 10.1007/s00261-022-03629-8. Epub 2022 Nov 28.
Purpose: Atherosclerosis affects clinical outcomes in the setting of major surgery. Here we aimed to investigate the prognostic role of visceral aortic (VAC), extended visceral aortic (VAC+), and celiac artery calcification (CAC) in the assessment of short- and long-term outcomes following deceased donor orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in a western European cohort.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 281 consecutive recipients who underwent OLT at a German university medical center (05/2010-03/2020). The parameters VAC, VAC+, or CAC were evaluated by preoperative computed tomography-based calcium quantification according to the Agatston score.
Results: Significant VAC or CAC were associated with impaired postoperative renal function (p = 0.0016; p = 0.0211). Patients with VAC suffered more frequently from early allograft dysfunction (EAD) (38 vs 26%, p = 0.031), while CAC was associated with higher estimated procedural costs (p = 0.049). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, VAC was identified as an independent predictor of EAD (2.387 OR, 1.290-4.418 CI, p = 0.006). Concerning long-term graft and patient survival, no significant difference was found, even though patients with calcification showed a tendency towards lower 5-year survival compared to those without (VAC: 65 vs 73%, p = 0.217; CAC: 52 vs 72%, p = 0.105). VAC+ failed to provide an additional prognostic value compared to VAC.
Conclusion: This is the first clinical report to show the prognostic role of VAC/CAC in the setting of deceased donor OLT with a particular value in the perioperative phase. Further studies are warranted to validate these findings. CT computed tomography, OLT orthotopic liver transplantation.