Presumed radiological diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumors: do we really know what we are watching?
Chengqing He, Liang Zhu, Xuan Wang, Menghua Dai, Huanwen Wu, Qiang Xu, Zhaoyong Sun, Jingyi Liu, Huadan Xue, Zhengyu Jin
Pancreatology . 2022 Dec 14;S1424-3903(22)00828-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2022.12.006. Online ahead of print.
Objectives: Little is known about the clinicians' ability to ascertain the identity of a pancreatic lesion as solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPT)preoperatively. We led this retrospective study to figure out the disease spectrum that mimic SPT, the key features of SPT and the accuracy of CT and MRI in characterizing them.
Methods: Radiological and clinical database at a tertiary pancreatic disease center (Peking Union Medical College Hospital) was searched for patients who received CT or MRI with a presumed radiological diagnosis of SPT. Those patients' clinical information and final pathological diagnosis were collected.
Results: During 2018.10-2021.12, 200 patients had a presumed radiological diagnosis of SPT, and 132 of them had unambiguous pathological diagnosis. SPT were confirmed in only 63.6% (84/132), while the others had a variety of neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions, including pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (n = 15), pseudocysts (n = 4), mucinous cystic neoplasms (n = 4), serous cystadenomas (n = 3), neural sheath tumors (n = 3), lymphoepithelial cysts (n = 2), and several very rare pathologies (n = 17). Of note, 11.4% (15/132) of those were benign or nonneoplastic lesions, while 6.8% (9/132) were neoplasms with highly aggressive nature, or pancreatic metastases, which require systematic evaluation and staging instead of upfront surgery. Retrospective radiological analysis based on key imaging features, clinical history and laboratory findings had an improved diagnostic accuracy of 78.5% with CT and 77.8% with MRI.
Conclusions: There is a broad disease spectrum mimicking SPT at CT and MRI. Key imaging features, clinical information and laboratory findings must be integrated to improve the diagnostic accuracy.