Contrast media injection protocol for portovenous phase abdominal CT: does a fixed injection duration improve hepatic enhancement over a fixed injection rate?
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2021 Jan 2. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02919-3. Online ahead of print.
Andreu F Costa, Kris Peet
Purpose: To assess whether a fixed contrast media (CM) injection duration improves the magnitude and inter-patient variability in hepatic enhancement over a fixed injection rate.
Methods: Outpatients who underwent portovenous phase abdominal CT (fixed duration, February-November 2018; fixed rate, January-July 2020) with 1.22 mL/kg iohexol 350 were included. Subjects with liver, kidney or heart disease were excluded. The number of subjects and injection protocols were as follows: fixed duration arm, 56 women, 60 men, 35 s injection duration; fixed rate arm, 66 women, 62 men, 3 mL/s injection rate. Liver attenuation measurements were obtained from regions of interest on pre- and post-contrast images. Mean hepatic enhancement (MHE) and MHE normalized to iodine dose (MHE/I) were compared (unpaired t-tests and F-tests).
Results: There was no statistically significant difference in age, weight, body mass index or CM dosing (p > 0.05). Enhancement indices were significantly lower in the fixed rate group as compared to the fixed duration group, as follows: MHE, 50.0 ± 12 vs. 54.8 ± 11 HU (p = 0.001); and MHE/I, 1.53 ± 0.43 vs. 1.66 ± 0.51 HU/g, (p = 0.04). However, there was no significant difference in the variances of MHE (p = 0.51) and MHE/I (p = 0.08).
Conclusion: A fixed CM injection duration yields a greater magnitude in hepatic enhancement indices than a fixed injection rate. Inter-patient variability in hepatic enhancement indices do not significantly differ between the two injection protocols.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02919-3