Chapter 14 - Artificial intelligence in radiology
Dakai Jin, Adam P. Harrison, Ling Zhang, Ke Yan, Yirui Wang, Jinzheng Cai, Shun Miao, Le Lu
The interest in artificial intelligence (AI) has ballooned within radiology in the past few years primarily due to notable successes of deep learning. With the advances brought by deep learning, AI has the potential to recognize and localize complex patterns from different radiological imaging modalities, many of which even achieve comparable performance to human decision-making in recent applications. In this chapter, we review several AI applications in radiology for different anatomies: chest, abdomen, pelvis, as well as general lesion detection/identification that is not limited to specific anatomies. For each anatomy site, we focus on introducing the tasks of detection, segmentation, and classification with an emphasis on describing the technology development pathway with the aim of providing the reader with an understanding of what AI can do in radiology and what still needs to be done for AI to better fit in radiology. Combining with our own research experience of AI in medicine, we elaborate how AI can enrich knowledge discovery, understanding, and decision-making in radiology, rather than replacing the radiologist.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-821259-2.00014-4