Pearls and pitfalls of imaging features of pancreatic cystic lesions: a case-based approach with imaging-pathologic correlation
Jpn J Radiol . 2020 Aug 25. doi: 10.1007/s11604-020-01032-1. Online ahead of print.
Kumi Ozaki, Hiroshi Ikeno, Yasuharu Kaizaki, Kazuya Maeda, Shohei Higuchi, Nobuyuki Kosaka, Hirohiko Kimura, Toshifumi Gabata
A variety of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions of the pancreas can present with a predominantly cystic architecture. These lesions are increasingly being detected as incidental findings on routine cross-sectional imaging following technological advances in these techniques and their widespread use. The different histopathological behaviors show various common and uncommon imaging findings, and some cases show similar appearance in spite of different histopathology. Each lesion requires specific management because of the differing risk of progression to malignancy, and an accurate imaging diagnosis is crucial. The typical imaging characteristics that differentiate pancreatic cystic lesions have been well described and fully summarized. However, in addition to a small percentage of cases that shows uncommon imaging findings, a substantial percentage of cystic lesions shows overlapping imaging findings that can lead to radiological misdiagnosis. For appropriate diagnosis and optimal treatment strategy, it is important to know the uncommon and overlapping imaging findings of these lesions, in addition to familiarity with the typical aspects. In this article, we reconfirm the well-known characteristic imaging features of pancreatic cystic lesions and present several diagnostically challenging cases, focusing on the uncommon and overlapping imaging findings.
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