Value of apparent diffusion coefficient for differentiating peripancreatic tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy
Abdom Radiol (NY) . 2020 Oct;45(10):3163-3171. doi: 10.1007/s00261-020-02501-x.
Jimi Huh, Jae Ho Byun, Jin Hee Kim, Seung Soo Lee, Hyoung Jung Kim, Jae Keun Kim, Moon-Gyu Lee
Purpose: To evaluate effectiveness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the peripancreatic lymphadenopathy to differentiate tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy.
Materials and methods: Twenty-nine patients with 65 peripancreatic necrotic tuberculous lymphadenopathy and 31 patients with 47 peripancreatic necrotic metastatic lymphadenopathy from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were included in this study. MRI features in the T1-weighted image (WI), T2WI, and diffusion-weighted image were analyzed. The ADC values of necrotic and non-necrotic portions of the lymph nodes were measured and compared using t test. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to obtain the optimal ADC threshold value and diagnostic accuracy for differentiating tuberculous lymphadenopathy from metastatic lymphadenopathy.
Results: On T2WI, the signal intensity of necrotic portions was variable in tuberculous lymphadenopathy, but was mostly high in metastatic lymphadenopathy. The mean ADCs of necrotic portions of tuberculous lymphadenopathy were significantly lower than those of metastatic lymphadenopathy ([0.919 ± 0.272] × 10-3 mm2/s vs. [1.553 ± 0.406] × 10-3 mm2/s, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis for differentiating tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy demonstrated an area under the curve for the ADC values of necrotic portions of 0.929 (95% CI, 0.865-0.969) with an ADC threshold of 1.022. The sensitivity and specificity for the differentiation of tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy were 80.0% and 97.8%, respectively.
Conclusion: The ADC values of necrotic portions of peripancreatic lymphadenopathy may be useful for differentiating tuberculous from metastatic lymphadenopathy.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02501-x