Does the time between CT scan and chemotherapy increase the risk of acute adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media in cancer patients?
BMC Cancer . 2014 Oct 31;14:792. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-792.
Alberto Farolfi 1, Elisa Carretta, Corradina Della Luna, Angela Ragazzini, Nicola Gentili, Carla Casadei, Domenico Barone, Martina Minguzzi, Dino Amadori, Oriana Nanni, Giampaolo Gavelli
Background: Cancer patients undergo routine computed-tomography (CT) scans and, therefore, iodinated contrast media (ICM) administration. It is not known whether a time-dependent correlation exists between chemotherapy administration, contrast enhanced CT and onset of acute ICM-related adverse reactions (ARs).
Methods: All consecutive contrast-enhanced CTs performed from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012 within 30 days of the last chemotherapy administration were retrospectively reviewed. Episodes of acute ICM-related ARs were reported to the pharmacovigilance officer. We analyzed time to CT evaluation calculated as the time elapsed from the date of the CT performed to the date of the last chemotherapy administration. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on the antineoplastic treatment: platinum-based, taxane-based, platinum plus taxane and other group.
Results: Out of 10,472 contrast-enhanced CTs performed, 3,945 carried out on 1,878 patients were considered for the study. Forty acute ICM-related ARs (1.01%; 95% CI, 0.70-1.33) were reported. No differences were seen among immediate (within 10 days of the last chemotherapy administration), early (11-20 days) and delayed (21-30 days) CTs. Median time to CT in patients who experienced an acute ICM-related AR by treatment group was not statistically different: 20 days (range 6-30), 17 days (range 5-22), 13 days (range 8-17), 13 days (range (2-29) for the platinum, taxane, platinum plus taxane and other group, respectively (P =0.251).
Conclusions: Our results did not reveal any correlation between time to CT and risk of acute ICM-related ARs in cancer patients.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-14-792