CT angiography of lower extremities from anatomy to traumatic and nontraumatic lesions: a pictorial review
Emerg Radiol . 2020 Aug;27(4):441-450. doi: 10.1007/s10140-020-01770-9. Epub 2020 Mar 27.
Michaela Cellina, Daniele Gibelli, Carlo Martinenghi, Giancarlo Oliva, Chiara Floridi
After the introduction and the quick improvement of multidetector computed tomography technology, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) has become the imaging examination of choice for the first assessment of patients affected by lower extremities acute disorders. The widespread availability of CT equipment, the high temporal and spatial resolution with post-processing reformation possibilities represent the main advantages of this technique, which can reliably identify different findings related to arterial vessel pathology, such as occlusion, dissection, active bleeding, and pseudoaneurysm. Radiologists should know the anatomy, the acquisition protocols, and the CTA appearances of the different vascular lesions. The right interpretation of CTA findings is essential to establish the best treatment management of each patient.
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