A CT-based radiomics nomogram for differentiation of renal angiomyolipoma without visible fat from homogeneous clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Eur Radiol. 2019 Sep 10. doi: 10.1007/s00330-019-06427-x. [Epub ahead of print]
Nie P, Yang G, Wang Z, Yan L, Miao W, Hao D, Wu J, Zhao Y, Gong A, Cui J, Jia Y, Niu H.
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a radiomics nomogram for preoperative differentiating renal angiomyolipoma without visible fat (AML.wovf) from homogeneous clear cell renal cell carcinoma (hm-ccRCC).
METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with AML.wovf (n = 36) and hm-ccRCC (n = 63) were divided into a training set (n = 80) and a validation set (n = 19). Radiomics features were extracted from corticomedullary phase and nephrographic phase CT images. A radiomics signature was constructed and a radiomics score (Rad-score) was calculated. Demographics and CT findings were assessed to build a clinical factors model. Combined with the Rad-score and independent clinical factors, a radiomics nomogram was constructed. Nomogram performance was assessed with respect to calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness.
RESULTS: Fourteen features were used to build the radiomics signature. The radiomics signature showed good discrimination in the training set (AUC [area under the curve], 0.879; 95%; confidence interval [CI], 0.793-0.966) and the validation set (AUC, 0.846; 95% CI, 0.643-1.000). The radiomics nomogram showed good calibration and discrimination in the training set (AUC, 0.896; 95% CI, 0.810-0.983) and the validation set (AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.856-1.000) and showed better discrimination capability (p < 0.05) compared with the clinical factor model (AUC, 0.788; 95% CI, 0.683-0.893) in the training set. Decision curve analysis demonstrated the nomogram outperformed the clinical factors model and radiomics signature in terms of clinical usefulness.
CONCLUSIONS: The CT-based radiomics nomogram, a noninvasive preoperative prediction tool that incorporates the Rad-score and clinical factors, shows favorable predictive efficacy for differentiating AML.wovf from hm-ccRCC, which might assist clinicians in tailoring precise therapy.
KEY POINTS: • Differential diagnosis between AML.wovf and hm-ccRCC is rather difficult by conventional imaging modalities. • A radiomics nomogram integrated with the radiomics signature, demographics, and CT findings facilitates differentiation of AML.wovf from hm-ccRCC with improved diagnostic efficacy. • The CT-based radiomics nomogram might spare unnecessary surgery for AML.wovf.
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