Ethical Principles for Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists
The nine ethical principles outlined below guide the development of professional and practice standards regarding the research and deployment of machine learning systems (ML) and artificial intelligence tools (AI) in medicine.1 These tools should at all times reflect the needs of patients, their care and their safety, and they should respect the clinical teams that care for them.
These principles are intended to guide all stakeholders involved in research or deployment of ML and AI including developers, health service executives and clinicians. They are also designed to complement existing medical ethical frameworks (referenced on page 3), which do not adequately address the issues likely to emerge from use of ML and AI in medicine.