Baseline perfusion CT parameters as potential biomarkers in predicting long-term prognosis of localized clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2019 Oct;44(10):3370-3376. doi: 10.1007/s00261-019-02087-z.
Wang Y, Cui L, Zhang J, Zhang L, Zhang J, Zhao X, Chen Y.
PURPOSE: We aimed to explore the relationship among baseline perfusion CT parameters, clinical, and pathological factors with post-nephrectomy long-term progression-free survival in localized clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively collected 127 patients from March 2005 to May 2007 who undertook perfusion CT. 61 patients were confirmed of pT1N0M0 or pT2N0M0 ccRCC. The mean follow-up time is 118.8 months (± 13.1 m, range 72-135 m). We compared clinical, pathological factors (gender, T stage, age, Fuhrmann grade, VEGF level, and MVD), and perfusion parameters before treatment [blood flow (BF), blood volume, mean transition time, and permeability surface-area product] between groups with post-nephrectomy metastasis and without metastasis. Association between covariates and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed using Cox proportional regression.
RESULTS: Among 61 patients, 11 developed distant metastasis (10 in the lung, one in the bone). BF in metastatic group [429.1 (233.8, 570.1) ml/min/100 g] was significantly higher than non-metastatic group [214.3 (153.3, 376.5) ml/min/100 g] (p = 0.011). Metastatic group also had more patients with higher Fuhrmann grade. Multi-covariant Cox regression demonstrated T staging, Fuhrmann grade, and BF were significantly associated with PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 3.35, 3.08, and 1.006]. In another model, BF > 230 ml/min/100 g was associated with PFS (HR 12.90), along with T staging and Fuhrmann grade (HR 4.73, 3.69).
CONCLUSION: Baseline tumor BF is a potential biomarker in prediction long-term metastasis of localized ccRCC and may help screening for higher risk localized ccRCC patients who need personalized surveillance strategy after nephrectomy.
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