Computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of bladder and ureteral trauma: indications, technique, and diagnosis.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2019 Sep 7. doi: 10.1007/s00261-019-02161-6. [Epub ahead of print]
Haroon SA, Rahimi H, Merritt A, Baghdanian A, Baghdanian A, LeBedis CA.
INTRODUCTION: Trauma to the genitourinary system includes blunt and penetrating injuries to bladder and ureters. These are rare injuries and are overlooked as other abdominal and pelvic injuries often take priority. Delayed diagnosis can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Computed tomography has taken a central role in the imaging of the ureters and bladder.
METHODS: This article reviews the anatomic relationships, mechanisms of injury, and clinical presentation to help physicians determine when bladder and ureteral injuries should be suspected and further imaging should be pursued. Radiologic evaluation of bladder and ureteral injury with CT cystography and CT urography, respectively, will be reviewed.
CONCLUSION: CT cystography and CT urography are effective tools in identifying potentially serious injuries to the genitourinary system. Timely recognition of these injuries can be crucial for the overall management and prognosis.
Read Full Article Here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-02161-6