Leukemic Involvement in the Thorax.
Radiographics. 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):44-61. doi: 10.1148/rg.2019180069.
Shroff GS1, Truong MT1, Carter BW1, Benveniste MF1, Kanagal-Shamanna R1, Rauch G1, Viswanathan C1, Boddu PC1, Daver N1, Wu CC1.
Leukemias are malignancies in which abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, resulting in compromise of normal bone marrow hematopoiesis and subsequent cytopenias. Leukemias are classified as myeloid or lymphoid depending on the type of abnormal cells produced and as acute or chronic according to cellular maturity. The four major types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Clinical manifestations are due to either bone marrow suppression (anemia, thrombocytopenia, or neutropenia) or leukemic organ infiltration. Imaging manifestations of leukemia in the thorax are myriad. While lymphadenopathy is the most common manifestation of intrathoracic leukemia, leukemia may also involve the lungs, pleura, heart, and bones and soft tissues. Myeloid sarcomas occur in 5%-7% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and represent masses of myeloid blast cells in an extramedullary location. ©RSNA, 2019.